World War 2 Links World War 2 Holocaust The word 'Holocaust', from the Greek word 'holokauston' meaning "a burnt sacrifice offered to God", originally referred to a sacrifice Jews were required to make by the Torah, and later to large scale catastrophes or massacres. Due to the theological meaning that this word carries, many Jews find the use of this word problematic, as it could imply that Jews were a sacrifice. Instead of holocaust many Jews prefer the Hebrew word Shoah, which means "desolation".
Japanese economic takeoff after In SeptemberJapan had nearly 3 million war dead and the loss of a quarter of the national wealth.
How did Japan become the second largest economy in the world in the s? Postwar Japanese economic takeoff was due to a variety of factors that had to do with American policies toward Japan, the international market, social mobilization, existent industrial capacities and experience, and government policies and expertise, among other things.
Between andduring the war years, Japanese economy received rapid development. Production indices showed increases of 24 percent in manufacturing, 46 percent in steel, 70 percent in nonferrous metals, and percent in machinery.
Much of the increasingly militarized economy was diverse and sophisticated in ways that facilitated conversion to peacetime activity. On the automobile industry, for instance, of the 11 major auto manufacturers in postwar Japan, ten came out of the war years: Three of the ten: Toyota, Nissan, and Isuzu, prospered as the primary producers of trucks for the military after legislation passed in had driven Ford and General Motors out of the Japanese market.
Other corporate giants on the postwar scene gained comparable competitive advantage during the war years. Normura Securities, which is now the second wealthiest corporation in Japan after Toyota, was founded in as a firm specializing in bonds. Its great breakthrough as a securities firm, however, came through expansion into stocks in and investment trust operations in Similarly, Toshiba, which ranks second after Hitachi in electric products, dates back to but only became a comprehensive manufacturer of electric goods following a merger carried out in under the military campaign to consolidate and rationalize production.
Whole sectors were able to take off in the postwar period by building on advances made during the war.
After the war was over, many of the wartime companies and much of the technology used during the war were converted to peaceful economic development.
Japanese private companies expanded quickly and fearlessly. They borrowed massive amounts from banks and took on large debts. An upstart motorcycle company founded by Honda Soichiro defied bureaucratic warnings and entered the auto market in with great long run success.
Intwo young mavericks, Morita Akio and Ibuka Masaru, struggled for months with reluctant state officials before winning permission to purchase a license to make transistors.
Beginning with the radio in the s, their infant company, Sony, soon emerged as the global leader in quality an innovation in consumer electronics goods.
Gordon, Nationalism and the desire to catch up with the West persisted after WWII, but now the efforts were focused on economic and industrial goals. For example, machine gun factories were converted to make sewing machines; optical weapons factories now produced cameras and binoculars.
Their changes were met with a friendly international environment of free trade, cheap technology and cheap raw materials. During the Cold War years, Japan was the client and friend of the advanced U.
The export-driven economy that Japan consequently developed also benefited enormously from an international market of low tariffs by joining the GATT, forerunner of WTOlow prices of oil and other raw materials needed for industrial development.
Because Article 9 of the Japanese constitution forbids Japan from rearmament, Japan has lived under the umbrella of U. The welfare society in Japan In Japan, a welfare society rather than welfare state exists, characterized by total employment, including cartels of small and medium sized companies to prevent them from bankruptcy in order to maintain total employment.
The welfare society and total employment enabled the Japanese state to devote much of the money it would have spent on welfare to industrial development, in the form of bank loans. The birth of the welfare society: During the American occupation: Despite this help, because of wartime devastation, Japanese economy was in shambles.
In reaction, the American occupational forces invited the Detroit banker Dodge to balance Japanese economy, who introduced the Dodge Plan Reaction to the Dodge Plan: In the s, major concern of Japanese economy was capital accumulation and export promotion; also medium sized companies protested against tax increases.
These concerns prevented the formation of a welfare state because that would require tax increases. Instead, the state promoted a welfare society through legislation.
The welfare society, through maintaining near total employment via liberal government loans to private companies, dispensed with the need for unemployment benefits. Retirement pensions came largely from personal savings and company compensation, rather than benefits from the state.
The welfare society saved Japanese government much money, which was liberally loaned to companies and guaranteed a secure supply of funding to many companies, leading some to competition and technological innovation. Under the welfare society, limited unemployment benefits do exist, but they are provided by the private companies.Japanese economic takeoff after In September , Japan had nearly 3 million war dead and the loss of a quarter of the national wealth.
How did Japan become the second largest economy in the world in the s? World War II: After the War. Alan Taylor; New York, in shortly after the mass-produced suburb was completed on Long Island farmland in New York.
This prototypical suburban community was. The war years and post-World War II trends Decline of the Hollywood studios. During the U.S. involvement in World War II, the Hollywood film industry cooperated closely with the government to support its war-aims information vetconnexx.coming the declaration of war on Japan, the government created a Bureau of Motion Picture Affairs to coordinate the production of entertainment features with.
The Associated Press delivers in-depth coverage on today's Big Story including top stories, international, politics, lifestyle, business, entertainment, and more. Joseph Goebbels: The Power of the Moving Image. At the start of World War II in , Goebbels was entrusted with the task of uplifting the spirit of the German people and employing the media.
The aftermath of World War I saw drastic political, cultural, economic, and social change across Eurasia (Europe and Asia), Africa, and even in areas outside those that were directly involved.
Four empires collapsed due to the war, old countries were abolished, new ones were formed, boundaries were redrawn, international organizations were established, and many new .