Observations were also submitted to the General Secretariat by individual bishops, priests, members of the institutes of consecrated life, lay associations and ecclesial movements. All these observations and comments are collected and summarized in this Instrumentum laboris. The Point of Reference 2.
Practical Working of the Rule. The text of the rule The exact time and place at which St.
Advanced Diplomas. British Archaeology; IT Systems Analysis and Design (Online) Local History (Online) Pre-Master's. Advanced Pre-sessional Course for Graduate Students (nine weeks, full-time). News, Exclusive Analysis, and Hundreds of Research Papers Relating to the Original Christian Church for Those That Believe the Bible. Monasticism, literally being a hermit, has come to describe the way of life pertaining to people living in seclusion from the rest of the world. These people are under religious promise and subject to a fixed rule, as monks. The basic idea of monasticism is total isolation from the rest of.
Benedict wrote his Rule are not known, nor can it be determined whether the Rule, as we now possess it, was composed as a single whole or whether it gradually took shape in response to the needs of his monks. Somewhere about however, may be taken as a likely date, and Monte Cassino as a more probable place than Subiacofor the Rule certainly reflects St.
It has been assumed by many scholars that this was the copy brought from Monte Cassino ; but though this is likely enough, it is not a certainty. Be that as it may, this manuscript of the Rule was presented by Pope Zachary to Monte Cassino in the middle of the eighth century, a short time after the restoration of that monastery.
Charlemagne found it there when he visited Monte Cassino towards the end of the century, and at his request a most careful transcript of it was made for him, as an exemplar of the text to be disseminated throughout the monasteries of his empire.
Several copies of the Rule were made from it, one of which survives to this day; for there can be no doubt that the present Codex of the St. An exact diplomatic reprint not in facsimile of this codex was published at Monte Cassino inso that the text of this manuscriptcertainly the best individual text of the Rule in existence, can be studied without difficulty.
But as already pointed out, it is not quite certain that it was St. Whether this text was St.
In either case, however, the text of the "autograph" is the one to be adopted. The manuscriptsfrom the tenth century onwards, and the ordinary printed editions, give mixed texts, made up out of the two earliest types.
Thus the text in current use is critically a bad one, but very few of the readings make any substantial difference. The Rule was written in the Lingua Vulgaris or Low Latin vernacular of the time, and contains much syntax and orthography not in conformance with the classical models.
There is as yet no edition of the Rule that satisfies the requirements of modern criticism, though one is in process of preparation for the Vienna "Corpus" of Latin Ecclesiastical writers.
A sufficiently good manual edition was published by Dom Edmund Schmidt.
Gall manuscriptwith the Low Latin element eliminated. The number of commentators on the rule is legion. Calmet gives a list of over a hundred and thirty such writers, and Ziegelbauer gives a similar list.
The earliest commentary, in point of date, is that which has been variously ascribed to Paul Warnefrid a monk of Monte Cassino aboutHildemar, Ruthard of Hirsau, and others.
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In the fourth century, the deserts of Egypt became the nerve center of a radical new movement, what we now call monasticism. Groups of Christians-from illiterate peasants to learned intellectuals .
INDEX. PREFACE. INTRODUCTION. The Point of Reference Expectations from the Synod The Topic of the Synodal Assembly From the Second Vatican Council to the New Evangelization. This book introduces the literature of early Christian monasticism, examining all the best-known works, including Athanasius’ Life of Antony, the Lives of Pachomius, and the Sayings of the Fathers (Apophthegmata Patrum).
Desert Christians: An Introduction to the Literature of Early Monasticism William, S.J. Harmless. Desert Christians: An Introduction to the Literature of Early Monasticism (review) Philip Rousseau Journal of Early Christian Studies, Volume 14, Number 4, Winter , pp.
Monasticism in the Middle Ages in Europe underwent a roller coaster ride of change, due to heavy aristocratic influence. Without the charitable support of their many political and aristocratic patrons, monasteries would not have been able to become as well developed and abundant in the Midd.